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rivers of india

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India, an ancient and prosperous country, is especially famous for its countless rivers. Rivers are the natural resource base for Indian civilization and society, and their importance is profound in Indian life. Here a number of major rivers of India will be discussed, which play an important role in the geographical, cultural, and economic development of the country. These rivers have their own significance and history, which form an influential bond between Indian communities. Here their natural features, important sites, and their impact will be discussed.

rivers of india

India, called “Bharat” in Hindi, is a country rich in geographical diversity. Indian rivers have had a very important place in the culture and religion of the country since ancient times. All the rivers of India are an important part of the ancient civilizations of the country. Many types of rivers are found here which provide river irrigation, potable water, cheap transportation, electricity as well as livelihood to a large number of people throughout the country.

Major rivers of India

India has several major rivers, which define the geographical and cultural profile of the country. Some major rivers include:

  • Ganges: It is the most important river of India, which originates from the north and joins the Bay of Bengal. The importance of the Ganges River is immense for religion, culture, and environment.
  • Yamuna: The Yamuna River is a major tributary of the Ganges, which flows in northern India and joins the Ganges.
  • Brahmaputra: This river flows in the eastern part of India and joins the Bay of Bengal. This river is important for non-traditional life and landless farming.
  • Narmada: It flows in central India and is considered extremely sacred. There are many religious places on the banks of river Narmada.
  • Krishna: This river flows in South India and is important for the southern Indian states. This river is an important resource for water and fulfills the irrigation needs of the agricultural sector.

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These are just a few examples, there are many more major rivers in India that flow in different parts of the country and play an important role in the lives of its people. Most of India's rivers drain their waters into the Bay of Bengal. The influence of some rivers takes them through the western part of the country towards the east of Himachal Pradesh and into the Arabian Sea. There is inland drainage in parts of Ladakh, the northern part of the Aravalli Range and the dry parts of the Thar Desert. All major rivers of India originate from one of the three main watersheds.

Classification of rivers of India

Indian rivers can be classified on the basis of various parameters. Here are some main classifications:

  1. Inland rivers: Rivers that lie within a sea or perennial sea. For example, Narmada, Tapti, Krishna, Godavari etc.
  2. North Sea Rivers: Which originate from the North Sea and meet the seas of Bangladesh and West Bengal. For example, Ganga, Brahmaputra, Meghna, Yamuna etc.
  3. Southern Ocean Rivers: Which originate from the Southern Ocean and join the seas of Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, and Kerala. For example, Krishna, Kaveri, Godavari, Penar, Vaigai etc.
  4. Marine rivers: Those that flow into seas and oceans. For example, Tapti, Narmada, Krishna, Godavari, Brahmaputra etc.
  5. Gangetic Rivers: Which includes the Ganga stream. For example, Yamuna, Chambal, Son, Kosi etc.
  6. Brahmaputra Rivers: Which includes the Brahmaputra stream. For example, Subarnareka, Lohit, Dihang, Kameng, Manas, Testa, Barak, etc.

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List of major rivers of India and their sources

Following is the list of major rivers of India and their sources:

river namepoint of origin
BrahmaputraCheemayungdung glacier located near Lake Manasarovar
SindhuSanokhwab Glacier located near Lake Mansarovar
GangesDevprayag, the confluence of Bhagirathi and Alaknanda.
ChenabBaralacha Pass (Lahaul-Spiti)
Godavari42 km south-west of Nashik (Maharashtra). a hill in a distant village
SatlujRakas Tal located near Mansarovar Lake
YamunaYamunotri glacier situated on the western slope of Bandarpunch
KrishnaFrom the mountains of the Western Ghats near Mahabaleshwar
NarmadaA place called Amarkantak situated in the Vindhyachal mountain ranges.
MahanadiLocated near Singhwa in Rampur district of Madhya Pradesh.
ghagraMatsatung Glacier
ChambalJanapav hill located near Mhow in Madhya Pradesh
KaveriBrahmagiri hill situated in Coorg district of Karnataka
goldAmarkantak hills
KosiNorth of Gosai Tham Peak
JhelumSheshnag Lake near Berenag (Kashmir)
RaaviNear Rohtang Pass in Kangra district
TaptiBetul District (M.P.) Near Multai Nagar
RamgangaFrom a glacier near Nainital
loverVindhyachal mountain range
GhaghgharHimalayas near Kalka
BetwaVindhyachal Mountains
DiameterLake near Rohtang Pass
LoonieNag Pahar (Aravalli Mountains) located in Ajmer district
sabarmatiSouth western part (Aravalli Mountains) in Udaipur district

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longest rivers of india

India has several major rivers that shape the country's geography, deeply influence its society and play a vital role in the conservation and utilization of its natural resources. There are many long rivers in India, but the longest rivers are as follows:

Sl.No.Riverlength in kilometers

Which is the largest river of India?

Ganges, considered sacred by Hindus, is the longest river in India. It rises from the Gangotri glacier in Uttarakhand and flows through several states, including Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal, and ultimately joins the Bay of Bengal. River Ganga is an integral part of Indian civilization and cultural heritage. This river is located in the northern part of India and originates from Gaumukh site of Uttarakhand. Its length is about 2525 kilometers and it joins Gangasagar in West Bengal. River Ganga is considered a symbol of Indian culture, religiosity, and traditional lifestyle. It is also known as Mother Ganga and many religious and cultural activities of Hindu religion take place here.

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