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India's internal security, challenges and solutions

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India's internal security: The topic “Internal Security of India” is a very important and controversial topic which holds immense importance in the context of developing and maintaining national security. India's internal security not only affects the political and economic situation of the country, but also has a direct impact on the safety, self-defense and national unity of the citizens. This article will focus on various aspects of India's internal security, challenges, and their social, political and economic implications.

India's internal security system

“Internal Security of India” is a very important and challenging subject which is necessary to ensure the safety and security of the country. This topic focuses on various aspects, such as civil security, community security, federal security, and resource security. The internal security system functions with the help of various security agencies, such as the police, armed forces, and intelligence agencies. Security can be classified into two groups:

intrinsic safety – Management of security within the borders of a country i.e. maintaining peace and law and order and maintaining the sovereignty of the country. Internal security of India comes under the purview of the Ministry of Home Affairs.
External security – Management of defense against attack by a foreign country. External security is the sole area of ​​the country's armed forces. It comes under the purview of the Defense Ministry.

Important aspects of India's internal security

There are many important aspects of internal security of India which play a vital role in ensuring the safety and security of the country. Here are some key aspects:

  • To follow the rules and laws made by the authority.
  • To accept the sovereign power of the people.
  • To protect the national sovereignty of India.
  • To safeguard the territorial integrity of India.
  • To promote the rise of India to its rightful place in international affairs.
  • To ensure peaceful internal environment within India.
  • To create an environment for our citizens that is just, equitable, prosperous and provides them
  • Protect from risks to life and livelihood.

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India's internal security: challenges

There are many internal security challenges that the country faces. These challenges could be the following:

  1. terrorism: Terrorism is an important challenge for India, to fight which the security agencies have to always be alert.
  2. Cyber ​​crimes: With technological advancement, the threat of cyber crimes is also increasing, due to which cyber security should be strengthened.
  3. racism: Naxalism is a big challenge in many states of India, which the government needs to continuously find solutions to end.
  4. criminality: Cases of criminality are increasing in India, in which legal action and security measures against crimes should be strengthened.
  5. Border Security: Security of India's borders is also an important challenge in which illegal encroachment and unauthorized residential activities must be faced.

To meet these challenges, India needs to continuously advance in the field of security and more measures should be taken to empower the security agencies.

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Factors responsible for internal security problem

Some problems have been there since independence, but we have failed to solve them:

  • Unfriendly and hostile neighbors (China, Pakistan etc.)
  • Unemployment and underemployment (lack of inclusive growth)
  • There are some reasons for administrative failure like:
  • Uneven development.
  • The growing gap between the rich and the poor.
  • Government deficit.
  • Failure to curb organized crimes.
  • Due to party politics:
  • To increase communal division.
  • Increasing caste awareness and caste tension.
  • Politics based on communal, caste, linguistic etc.
  • Rising regional aspirations and the government's failure to fulfill them.
  • Separatist movement in Nagaland and Jammu and Kashmir
  • geographical factors
  • Living in isolation.
  • There is very difficult terrain near the border
  • governance deficit
  • poor criminal justice system
  • rampant corruption
  • The nexus between criminals, police and politicians in organized crime.
  • Lack of development.

Various measures taken by the government to overcome the challenges

The Government of India has taken several steps to overcome India's internal security challenges. Here are some key tips:

law enforcement agencies

Strengthening law enforcement agencies includes equipping them with necessary equipment and technology. This also includes:

  • Increase the number of police personnel and improve their training.
  • To provide modern equipment and infrastructure to police forces.
  • Establishment of special agencies: For example National Investigation Agency (NIA) and National Security Guard (NSG).

Improve intelligence gathering and sharing

Intelligence gathering and sharing is important to prevent internal security threats. Steps taken by the government to enhance intelligence capabilities are:

  • Establishment of Multi-Agency Center (MAC) and Joint Intelligence Committee (JIC). This will help in sharing information between various intelligence agencies.
  • Establishment of National Cyber ​​Coordination Center (NCCC)
  • Deploying unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) and surveillance technologies. This will increase border security and surveillance.

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strengthening border security

India shares borders with many countries, making border security an important issue. The measures taken by the government to improve border security are:

  • Building border fencing and deploying surveillance technologies. For example, sensors and cameras.
  • The deployment of Border Security Force (BSF) personnel is being increased.
  • Establishing Integrated Check Posts (ICP). Its objective is to facilitate trade and movement of people across the border.

Combating terrorism and Naxalism

Government terrorism and racism Several steps have been taken to deal with it. some of them are:

  • Strengthening anti-terrorism laws. For example:
    • Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act (UAPA)
    • National Security Act (NSA)
  • such as launching anti-terrorism operations
    • operation all out
    • operation green hunt
  • To engage in dialogue with Naxalite groups to address their grievances and bring them into the mainstream.

Internal security has always been an issue of great concern for India. India's internal security faces many challenges like terrorism, Naxalism, cyber attacks etc. It is very important to counter these challenges as they can affect the security of the country and its citizens. They also harm the economy and integrity of the country.

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